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The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are experiencing a rapid epidemiological transition. Chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular problems are on the rise, while communicable diseases, maternal and infant mortality, and malnutrition remain an issue. Today, the poorest and the youngest are increasingly exposed to chronic disease risk factors such as alcohol and tobacco use and overweight. This process of coexistence and change in terms of health problems results in social, economic and fiscal costs for systems. 

The IDB’s Division of Social Protection and Health has designed an action plan to address this new reality. Through four goals and the use of international evidence-based interventions, we provide support for the countries in the region in the strengthening of their health systems to address current and emerging needs.

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