Ethnic%20and%20Gender%20Wage%20Gaps%20in%20Ecuador

Working Papers

Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps in Ecuador


CODE: WP-679
AUTHOR(s): Gallardo, Lourdes , Ñopo, Hugo
PUBLISHED: April 2009
LANGUAGE: English
RELATED TOPICS: Poverty Reduction and Labor
DOWNLOAD FILE IN: English

Abstract:

Returns to labor for workers with similar endowments of productive characteristics in Ecuador are influenced by two characteristics that, arguably, should play no role on the determination of wages: gender and ethnicity. This paper analyzes wage gaps due to both characteristics in Ecuador for the period 2003-2007, applying a matching comparisons technique developed in Ñopo (2008). The results indicate ethnic wage gaps that are notably higher than gender wage gaps. Furthermore, ethnic wage gaps are higher among males than among females. Differences in human capital characteristics, however, explain almost one-half of the ethnic wage gaps but only a small fraction of the gender wage gaps. Both gender and ethnic wage gaps are more pronounced at the lower extremes of the earnings distribution.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Gender Earnings Gaps in the Caribbean: Evidence from Barbados and Jamaica
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-210 - August 2010

    This paper analyzes gender earnings gaps in Barbados and Jamaica, using a matching comparisons approach. In both countries, as in most of the Caribbean region, females’ educational achievement is higher than that of males. Nonetheless, males` earnings surpass those of their female peers. Depending on the set of control characteristics, males’ earnings surpass those of females by between 14 and 27 ... (View publication)

  • Evolution of Gender Gaps in Latin America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: An Addendum to "New Century, Old Disparities"
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-176 - May 2010

    This paper complements the findings of Atal, Ñopo and Winder (2009) on gender and ethnic wage gaps for 18 Latin American countries circa 2005 by analyzing gender wage gaps for the same countries between circa 1992 and circa 2007. During this span the overall gender earnings gaps dropped about 7 percentage points, while the unexplained component dropped between 3 and 4 percentage points, depending ... (View publication)

  • The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-174 - May 2010

    This paper surveys gender wage gaps in Colombia from 1994 to 2006, using matching comparisons to examine the extent to which individuals with similar human capital characteristics earn different wages. Three sub-periods are considered: 1994-1998; 2000-2001; and 2002- 2006. The gaps dropped from the first to the second period but remained almost unchanged between the second and the third. The gende ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.