|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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Healthcare services are more widespread in Latin America and the Caribbean today than 50 years ago, yet this availability is not necessarily reflected in popular perceptions. This study documents the expansion of healthcare services in the Region in terms of medically-trained professionals, service utilization, and insurance eligibility. It finds that people in countries with more doctors have a more positive view of access to healthcare and greater confidence in the healthcare system. However, other factors intervene in this relationship between perceptions and objective indicators, such as the strength of local social networks and wealth. As a consequence of rising expectations, differential access and continuing discontent, public policy can be driven by factors that are least likely to improve the population's health.
This paper attempts to identify the climatic effect on birth outcomes in Brazil and, thus, to predict the potential impact of climate change. Panel data models indicate that excess and lack of rainfall have the most important harmful effects on newborns’ health; temperature stresses and low relative humidity also have effects. The use of climate change forecasts for Brazil suggests a possible incr ... (View publication)
This paper estimates the impact of a large-scale contracting-out program in Guatemala, using two waves of living standard measurement surveys that collected data before and after the expansion of the program. Results indicate large program impacts on immunization rates for children and prenatal care provider choices. The program increases substantially the role of physicians and nurses as prenatal ... (View publication)
Monetary price subsidies are often used to increase take-up of health products, but monetary prices may screen out those with the highest returns, the poor. Using willingness to pay (WTP) data from a field experiment in India, this paper determines whether nonmonetary prices better target health products to the poor than monetary prices. It is found that monetary WTP is increasing in income an ... (View publication)
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