Working Papers

Rising Mortality and Life Expectancy Differentials by Lifetime Earnings in the United States

CODE: WP-665
AUTHOR(s): Cristia, Julian
PUBLISHED: January 2009
RELATED TOPICS: Poverty Reduction and Labor


Are mortality and life expectancy differences by socioeconomic groups increasing in the United States? Using a unique data set matching high-quality administrative records with survey data, this study explores trends in these differentials by lifetime earnings for the 1983 to 2003 period. The results indicate a consistent increase in mortality differentials across sex and age groups. The study also finds a substantial increase in life expectancy differentials: the top-to-bottom quintile premium increased around 30 percent for men and almost doubled for women. These results complement recent research to point to almost five decades of increasing differential mortality in the United States.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • The Impact of Economic Migration on Children’s Cognitive Development: Evidence from the Mexican Family Life Survey
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-246 - May 2011

    This paper uses data from the Mexican Family Life Survey to estimate the impact of a household member’s migration to the United States on the cognitive development of children remaining in Mexico. While there is no developmental effect of a child’s sibling migrating to the United States, there is an adverse effect when another household member—typically the child’s parent—migrates. This is particu ... (View publication)

  • The Effect of Violence on Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Rural Brazil
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-416 - June 2013

    This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics natality and mortality data between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence -measured by homicide rates- on birth outcomes. Focusing on small communities, where it is more plausible that local homicide rates reflect actual exposure to violence, the analysis shows that exposure to violence during pregnancy ... (View publication)

  • A Cross-Country Analysis of the Risk Factors for Depression at the Micro and Macro Level
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-195 - September 2010

    Past research has provided evidence of the role of some personal characteristics as risk factors for depression. However, few studies have examined jointly their specific impact and whether country characteristics change the probability of being depressed. In general, this is due to the use of single-country databases. The aim of this paper is to extend previous findings by employing a much larger ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.