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Ports are a crucial element in any Free Trade Agreement because of their role in moving goods. Unfortunately, the port situation in Central America was not considered during Free Trade Agreement negotiations with the United States (CAFTA). Although CAFTA is intended to provide benefits for exporters and importers, these benefits will not be fully realized due to the region’s high port costs. These high costs, along with concerns regarding infrastructure, security, efficiency, and productivity, can diminish CAFTA’s potential benefits. Central America must therefore enact legal reforms to privatize port operations, as the private sector possesses the resources necessary to invest in those ports and make them competitive.
This paper analyzes the effects on teacher retention and between-school mobility of a program that rewards excellence in pedagogical practice in Chile. Teachers apply voluntarily for the award and those who succeed on a set of assessments receive a 6 percent annual wage increase for up to 10 years. A sharp regression discontinuity design is used to identify the causal effect of receiving the a ... (View publication)
This paper takes advantage of several reforms that provide time and cross sectional variation to identify the effects of unemployment insurance and severance payments on the duration of unemployment and on the separation probability in Argentina. Administrative data permits analysis of the duration of unemployment of covered spells with detailed information about transfers and their duration, whil ... (View publication)
This paper examines the effect of employment protection regulation on gross job flows in a sample of developed and developing countries. By implementing a differences-in-differences test we lessen the potentially severe endogeneity and omitted variable problems associated with cross-country regressions. This test is based on the hypothesis that job security regulations are more binding in some sec ... (View publication)
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