|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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Identity is an increasingly hot topic in today's world. Whether it's hunting for terrorists, searching for lost children, identifying casualties from the tsunami and Hurricane Katrina, or naming bodies in mass graves, identity is the point of departure. Even the more mundane activities of life--driving a car, getting on an airplane, going to school--are predicated on proof of identity. In this light, the fact that millions of Latin Americans have no official identity is shocking indeed. This issue of IDEA explores some of the social and economic ramifications of having so many people living in the shadows.
Using the Quality of Life Surveys conducted in Colombia in 2003 and 2008, this study finds that policy instruments aimed at easing low-income households’ access to affordable housing such as subsidies and loan guarantees have played a modest role in increasing the use of mortgages as a source of funding. Despite this, subsidies have had a significant impact on both the quality of dwelling and the ... (View publication)
Gender segmentation in the labor market is widespread. However, most existing studies of the effects of labor demand shocks on local economies assume away gender. In this paper, I show that local labor demand shocks can lead to different outcomes depending on whether they favor male or female employment. I develop a spatial equilibrium model that features gender segmented labor markets and joi ... (View publication)
This paper uses variation in the timing of the Mexican antipoverty program’s introduction across municipalities to identify its impact on the share of votes for the local incumbent party. Evidence is found that voters reward the mayor’s party for the central benefit to their constituencies, accounting on average for 2.8 additional percentage points in the share of votes for the mayor’s party. The ... (View publication)
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