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The average value of a residential dwelling owned by a typical Latin American family is worth close to six years of that family's total income. However, les than one-fourth of all housing in Latin America is financed through formal mechanisms, and housing mortgage credit accounts for only a small fraction of total credit. Why hasn't the housing mortgage industry developed properly in Latin America? This issue of IDEA takes a closer look at the problems in the housing finance market, reviews the efforts that have been made in the past, and offers some policy suggestions for the future.
This paper provides an overview of the reserve requirement measures undertaken by the Central Bank of Peru. It provides a rationale for the use of these instruments as well as empirical evidence of their effectiveness. In general, the results show that tightening reserve requirements has the desired effects on interest rates and credit levels at both banks and smaller financial institutions (cajas ... (View publication)
What happens to firms in the face of financial crises? Little research has been done on the microeconomic implications of financial policies and crises while attention has been focused on the macroeconomic effects of these events. This book attempts to fill this research gap. Credit Constraints and Investment in Latin America contains new evidence on the nature, extent, evolution and consequences ... (View publication)
This paper shows that, in spite of recent progress in the usage of alternative financial services by adult populations, Latin America’s financial inclusion gaps relative to either high-income countries or the region’s comparators (countries with a similar degree of development) have not reduced generally and, in some cases, have even increased during the period 2011-2014. An econometric invest ... (View publication)
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