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Latin America appears to be suffering from reform fatigue--but why? Is the public tired of waiting for reforms' long-promised benefits? Are policymakers scared of bearing the political costs? Are international experts less sure of their programs and prescriptions? The articles in the latest issue of IDEA examine the causes and symptoms of reform fatigue and discuss the prospects for the reform process in the region.
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This paper uses simple regression techniques to make an initial assessment of the monetary damages caused by the January 12, 2010 earthquake that struck Haiti. Damages are estimated for a disaster with both 200,000 and 250,000 total dead and missing (i.e., the range of mortality that the earthquake is estimated to have caused) using Haiti’s economic and demographic data. The base estimate is US$8. ... (View publication)
This paper discusses the major changes that took place in the key areas of structural economic policy in Latin America between 1985 and 2009 and presents a set of indexes that attempt to measure how favorable trade, financial, tax, privatization and labor policies are for the free working of markets. On a scale from 0 to 1, the average index for all the countries and all the structural policy area ... (View publication)
The available evidence on the effects of aid on growth is notoriously mixed. We use a novel empirical methodology, a heterogeneous panel vector-autoregression model identified through factor analysis, to study the dynamic response of exports, imports, and per capita GDP growth to a "global" aid shock (the common component of individual country aid-to-GDP ratios). We find that the estimated cumulat ... (View publication)
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