|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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The Research Department is pleased to present the latest edition of its newsletter, Ideas for Development in the Americas (IDEA). This issue is based on the IDB's 2004 report on Economic and Social Progress in Latin America, which focuses on the problems surrounding people and their jobs. The report presents an anatomy of Latin American labor markets, a diagnosis of their ills, and prescriptions for treating these ailments. IDEA summarizes some of the major issues and includes excerpts from Good Jobs Wanted: Labor Markets in Latin America.
Over the last two decades Mexico has had an open trade regime, experienced macroeconomic stability, and made substantial progress in education. However, average workers’ earnings have stagnated and earnings for workers with more schooling have declined, compressing the earnings distribution and lowering the returns to education. We hypothesize that these developments are explained by large an ... (View publication)
This paper assesses labor market segmentation across formal and informal salaried jobs and self-employment in three Latin American and three transition countries. It looks separately at the markets for skilled and unskilled labor, inquiring if segmentation is an exclusive feature of the latter. Longitudinal data are used to assess wage differentials and mobility patterns across jobs. To study mobi ... (View publication)
This paper examines the effect of employment protection regulation on gross job flows in a sample of developed and developing countries. By implementing a differences-in-differences test we lessen the potentially severe endogeneity and omitted variable problems associated with cross-country regressions. This test is based on the hypothesis that job security regulations are more binding in some sec ... (View publication)
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