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This paper analyzes three organizations that implement productive development policies in Uruguay: (i) the Dirección Nacional de Recursos Naturales Renovables (National Directorate of Renewable Natural Resources); (ii) sectoral councils; and (iii) the Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación (National Agency of Research and Innovation). Selected cases show that during the past decade, there was a major effort to boost productive development policies in Uruguay and build capabilities for that purpose. The paper also takes note of the various institutional designs in organizations that work with productive development policies in that country. Nevertheless, one can conclude that the capacity-building process depends not on the type of organization but on other factors that make up the policy cycle—design, implementation, and consolidation—and getting a rough idea of the target population of that policy. The main challenges in terms of government capabilities in implementing productive development policies relate to building coalitions that better coordinate public action, particularly within the government itself but with the private sector as well.
This paper discusses the organizational structure and technical, operational and political capabilities required for successful productive development policies (PDPs). It also discusses how countries can match their PDPs to existing capabilities, as well as expand their capabilities in the long run. The specific difficulties associated with PDPs are also discussed. (View publication)
This paper estimates the impact of two productive development programs (PDPs) in Costa Rica: PROPYME and CR Provee. The first seeks to increase the capacity of small and medium-sized firms (SMEs) to innovate, and the second aims to increase backward linkages between Costa Rican SMEs and multinational companies operating in the country. The impacts of each program were measured in terms of three re ... (View publication)
This paper analyzes quantitative findings on the innovative behavior of firms in the production chains of pisco and shoe manufacture in Peru, which are served by the network of Technological Innovation Centers (CITEs), the most important technology policy instrument available in Peru. These two chains, in low and medium-technology industries, are representative of Peru’s manufacturing sector. O ... (View publication)
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