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This paper explores the development of public sector capabilities for Productive Development Policies in Costa Rica through four case studies of successful experiences, with less successful cases presented as counterfactuals. To some extent the paper tests the Technical, Organizational and Political Capabilities (TOP) conceptual framework of Cornick (2013), suggesting adjustments and extensions of that framework. Strong commonalities are found among the cases, notably high technical and political capabilities. All cases likewise involve well-managed organizations, but identifying organizational capabilities proved difficult. While the TOP Capabilities framework may be useful for understanding institutional performance, it has three major weaknesses: i) organizational capabilities are not clearly defined; ii) it does not provide tools for identifying and measuring capabilities ties independently of institutional performance; and iii) it needs to be integrated into a more general framework that takes into account the interactions among the political economy, the Policy Making Process, the institutional setup and TOP capabilities.
Most Latin American countries face a systemic challenge in providing citizen security. In other words, the region’s current insecurity is not only the responsibility of state actors in isolation, but also a product of the entire policymaking process (PMP) to understand policy outcomes. Many problems in this area spring from the lack of coordination among state actors—or from coordination in th ... (View publication)
This paper summarizes the findings of the recent Inter-American Development Bank book Two to Tango: Public-Private Collaboration Productive Development Policies, based on case studies of 25 productive development policies (PDPs) in five countries and discusses an additional example from Peru. One finding that emerges from those studies is that governments could not make policy in isolation and nee ... (View publication)
Within the broad spectrum of public policies promoting productive development (PDPs), this paper focuses on “design promotion” policies, which see design as a tool for innovation, differentiation, and competitiveness. We studied the lead government agencies in charge of design-focused PDPs in the national government and in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA). Some of the paper’s main findin ... (View publication)
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