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This paper follows two strategies to address whether the rich save more. First, the paper implements a two-stage procedure in which the household’s lifetime income is instrumented with the education level of the household head and the education level of his/her partner. Second, using information on home assets, the paper constructs a wealth index. There is evidence that the richest households save more in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay and Peru. On the other hand, no differences are found in saving rates by lifetime income or wealth in Bahamas, Chile, Colombia and Uruguay.
Using micro data on expenditure and income for 17 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries, this paper presents stylized facts on saving behavior by age, education, income and place of residence. Counterfactual saving rates are computed by imposing the saving behavior, the population distribution or the income distribution of two benchmark economies (the United States and Korea). The resu ... (View publication)
This paper examines the effects of Argentina’s Plan de Inclusión Previsional (PIP), which changed the pension system in a way that generated a new noncontributory pillar, produced a huge expansion in pension coverage between 2005 and 2008 and a transfer of a vast amount of resources to households. Using a difference in differences methodology it is found that the PIP policy has reduced the in ... (View publication)
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for 12 Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile and Mexico have the highest household spending in education while Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important form of spending, and most educational spending is per ... (View publication)
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