Working Papers

Partisanship, Ideology, and Representation in Latin America

AUTHOR(s): Saiegh, Sebastian
PUBLISHED: August 2014
RELATED TOPICS: Government and Democracy


This paper uses joint scaling methods and similar items from three large-scale surveys to place voters, parties and politicians from different Latin American countries on a common ideological space. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, the findings reveal that the “median” voter in Latin America is located to the left of the ideological spectrum, and that voters’ ideological locations are highly correlated with their partisan attachments. The location of parties and leaders suggests that three distinctive clusters exist: one located at the left of the political spectrum, another at the center, and a third to the right. The results also indicate that legislators in Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru tend to be more “leftist” than their voters. The ideological drift, however, is not large enough to substantiate the claim that a representation gap exists in those countries.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Happiness and Beliefs in Criminal Environments
    Working Papers
    WP-662 - December 2008

    This paper uses newly available data to describe the distribution of crime victimization and other criminal activities (including drug trafficking and corruption) around the world. The paper then documents a negative (positive) correlation between measures of criminal activity and happiness and measures of positive (negative) emotions. The paper also studies the correlation between ideological bel ... (View publication)

  • Two to Tango: Public-Private Collaboration for Productive Development Policies
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-855 - December 2017

    This paper summarizes the findings of the recent Inter-American Development Bank book Two to Tango: Public-Private Collaboration Productive Development Policies, based on case studies of 25 productive development policies (PDPs) in five countries and discusses an additional example from Peru. One finding that emerges from those studies is that governments could not make policy in isolation and nee ... (View publication)

  • Misreporting in Sensitive Health Behaviors and Its Impact on Treatment Effects: An Application to Intimate Partner Violence
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-853 - December 2017

    A growing literature seeks to identify policies that could reduce intimate partner violence. However, in the absence of reliable administrative records, this violence is often measured using self-reported data from health surveys. In this paper, an experiment is conducted comparing data from such surveys against a methodology that provides greater privacy to the respondent. Non-classicalmeasureme ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.