|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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Climate change is imposing a large burden on the most vulnerable populations, particularly in the developing world. Establishing consistent causal relationships,however, is difficult because a multiplicity of climatic, economic and sociodemographic elements are combined to create the conditions for an outbreak of vector-borne disease. Based on a two-step procedure, this paper presents and tests an approach to estimating the effects of epidemic outbreaks on health vulnerability. The model proposed is empirically tested for five countries in Latin America where dengue is a national health priority. Using data from national censuses, satellite climate information and data from a newly developed disease outbreak surveillance online platform, the paper finds that climate has nonnegligible effects on health vulnerability. The evidence found and the vulnerability index constructed can be used to analyze the main determinants of vulnerability in order to address policy concerns.
This paper studies the allocation of total disaster risk reduction public spending among regions in Peru. The main objective of this work is to identify the main determinants of the distribution of these resources, and for this purpose an index of historical physical impacts of natural disasters, social vulnerability, and institutional capacity was created. It is found that historical impacts of c ... (View publication)
The general objective of this study is to review the international literature and best practices to develop a methodological framework capable of quantifying the increase in investments necessary for a traditional standard of living in a world subject to climate change. This methodology is then applied to two case studies: Bolivia and Chile. In particular, the document addresses the economics of a ... (View publication)
Using data for all 2,454 municipalities of Mexico for the period 1980-2010, this paper analyzes the relationship between exposure to extreme temperatures and precipitation and death, as well as the relationship between severe weather and agricultural income and crop production in the country. It is found that extreme heat increases mortality, while the health effect of extreme cold is generally tr ... (View publication)
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