Working Papers

Climate Change Impacts on Birth Outcomes in Brazil

AUTHOR(s): Alves, Denisard , de Menezes, Tatiane A. , Pereda, Paula C.
PUBLISHED: April 2014
RELATED TOPICS: Microeconomics


This paper attempts to identify the climatic effect on birth outcomes in Brazil and, thus, to predict the potential impact of climate change. Panel data models indicate that excess and lack of rainfall have the most important harmful effects on newborns’ health; temperature stresses and low relative humidity also have effects. The use of climate change forecasts for Brazil suggests a possible increase of 305 neonatal deaths annually and, for families in the Primary Care Program, three thousand additional low-weight births each year. The paper further examines public policy’s role in minimizing the effects of extreme weather. Mothers’ education, sanitation access and health care assistance to pregnant women represent the main instruments for addressing neonatal health problems.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Weather and Welfare: Health and Agricultural Impacts of Climate Extremes, Evidence from Mexico
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-391 - March 2013

    Using data for all 2,454 municipalities of Mexico for the period 1980-2010, this paper analyzes the relationship between exposure to extreme temperatures and precipitation and death, as well as the relationship between severe weather and agricultural income and crop production in the country. It is found that extreme heat increases mortality, while the health effect of extreme cold is generally tr ... (View publication)

  • Ideas for Development in the Americas (IDEA), Volume 37: May-August, 2015: Climate Change and Health
    Newsletter / Journal
    IDB-NW-161 - September 2015

    While Latin America and the Caribbean has made great gains in public health, these advances are threatened by the ongoing effects of climate change. This edition of IDEA explores some of the health effects of climatic events ranging from heat spells to floods in the region. (View publication)

  • Impacts of Climate Change on Dengue Risk in Brazil
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-511 - July 2014

    Climate-sensitive health problems kill millions every year and undermine the physical and psychological well-being of millions more. To identify the climate impacts on dengue risk in Brazil, a comparative case study is used based on the synthetic controls approach. The South and Northeast regions of Brazil are compared to the rest of the country in order to identify those impacts. The results ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.