|DOWNLOAD FILE IN:|
This paper uses cost accounting to estimate some of the costs associated with criminal activity and violence in Uruguay. Among the costs being considered are those of security and crime prevention; justice; incarceration and rehabilitation of prisoners; stolen goods; health care and loss of life resulting from violence; and costs associated with prisoners’ loss of productive time while in prison. A variety of methodologies and sources of information were utilized to calculate these cost estimates. Although a significant range of costs has been covered, the cost of crime as a whole has not been accounted for due to limited information. Consequently, cost estimates must be interpreted as a minimum benchmark. The total estimated cost for 2010 in Uruguay comes to 3.1 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
Using the Quality of Life Surveys conducted in Colombia in 2003 and 2008, this study finds that policy instruments aimed at easing low-income households’ access to affordable housing such as subsidies and loan guarantees have played a modest role in increasing the use of mortgages as a source of funding. Despite this, subsidies have had a significant impact on both the quality of dwelling and the ... (View publication)
Estimating the effect of inequality on crime is challenging due to reverse causality and omitted variable bias. This paper addresses these concerns by exploiting the fact that, as suggested by recent scholarly research, the legacy of slavery is largely manifested in persistent levels of economic inequality. Municipality-level economic inequality in Colombia is instrumented with a census-based ... (View publication)
This paper reviews evidence on social mobility in Latin America. Several studies have used data sets that collect intergenerational socio economic information. The data, though limited, suggest that social mobility is low in the region, even when compared with low social mobility developed countries like the United States and United Kingdom, with high levels of immobility at the lower and upper ta ... (View publication)
Hello, Welcome to the IDB!
Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.
Show inline popup 1
Show inline popup 2
Show inline popup 3
Show inline popup 4