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Mobilizing sufficient resources is essential for supporting environmental activities in developing countries, and cofinancing is generally considered an important tool to help developing countries increase the resources they need. Moreover, cofinancing should increase ownership of projects by local authorities while improving accountability. The literature, however, has not explored why certain projects receive higher levels of cofinancing than others. This paper attempts to fill this gap by examining the cofinancing ratio and its determinants using projects financed by the GEF Trust Fund. The empirical results confirm that the rules of the fund, requiring different minimum cofinancing ratios by size and focal area of the GEF projects, do matter. Other important factors include funds’ origins (foreign vs. domestic), types of cofinancing sources (reimbursable vs. non- reimbursable) and the particular GEF agencies involved.
This paper surveys climate change funds related to Latin American and Caribbean countries and attempts to derive some implications through performance analyses of these funds. These analyses show that the following matters should be addressed: increases in the IDB’s participation as an agent in the projects for the region, enlargement of the scale of co-financing in the IDB-brokered cases as well ... (View publication)
Sudden Stops in net capital flows can be prevented when the actions of domestic investors offset a reduction in foreign lending. This paper presents evidence that while sudden stops in gross inflows—i.e., a tightening of the external borrowing constraint—are associated with global conditions and therefore, are largely outside of the control of local policymakers, domestic factors such as low l ... (View publication)
Recent work suggests non-financial firms have acted like financial intermediaries particularly in emerging economies. This paper corroborates these findings but then asks “why?” The results indicate evidence for carry-trade activities, but they are focused on countries with higher levels of capital controls, particular controls on inflows. There is little evidence for such activities given oth ... (View publication)
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