Working Papers

Intergenerational Mobility, Middle Sectors and Entrepreneurship in Uruguay

AUTHOR(s): Gandelman, Nestor , Robano, Virginia
PUBLISHED: July 2012
RELATED TOPICS: Poverty Reduction and Labor


This paper estimates the relationship between parents’ educational attainment and income and children’s schooling in Uruguay between 1982 and 2010. This relationship is interpreted as a measure of intergenerational social mobility, and the paper reports evidence that it has decreased over time. The paper finds that the probability that the children of the more educated remain among the more educated has grown, with analogous results for the less educated. As a result, the improvements in education of the 1980s and 1990s were unevenly distributed, with a bias against the disadvantaged. The paper also finds that while entrepreneurship status and belonging to the middle class matter in terms of social mobility as measured by compulsory education, i.e., primary school and the first three years of secondary school, they do not have a notable effect on non- compulsory education, i.e., the last three years of secondary school and higher.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Appendix to “Adulthood: Formal Post-Secondary Education,” Chapter 9 of Development in the Americas 2017
    Technical Notes
    IDB-TN-1238 - June 2017

    This technical note contains figures and tables cited in “Adulthood: Formal Post- Secondary Education,” Chapter 9 of the Inter-American Development Bank’s 2017 Development in the Americas report, Learning Better: Public Policy for Skills Development. (View publication)

  • Intergenerational Mobility and Income Effects for Entrepreneurial Activity in Mexico
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-320 - July 2012

    This paper uses the Mexican Social Mobility Survey 2006 to analyze intergenerational social mobility as it relates to entrepreneurial activity. First, the paper analyzes whether entrepreneurs experience greater upward social mobility than self-employed workers or employees. Second, probit models are estimated to identify whether predetermined characteristics are the main determinants of the decisi ... (View publication)

  • Entry and Quality Choices in Child Care Markets
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-225 - December 2010

    Many developing countries have adopted the market approach for expanding the supply of child care, but little is known about the economic behavior of independent providers. This paper draws on uniquely rich administrative data on child care centers and their inputs from São Paulo to examine the role of local household income in shaping the entry and quality choices of private suppliers. It documen ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.