Productivity%20and%20Resource%20Misallocation%20in%20Latin%20America

Working Papers

Productivity and Resource Misallocation in Latin America


CODE: IDB-WP-306
AUTHOR(s): Busso, Matías , Madrigal, Lucia , Pagés-Serra, Carmen
PUBLISHED: April 2012
LANGUAGE: English
RELATED TOPICS: Macroeconomics
DOWNLOAD FILE IN: English

Abstract:

Total factor productivity (TFP) in Latin America has not increased relative to the US since the mid- 1970s, and in many countries it has declined. Moreover, resource misallocation can lower aggregate TFP. This paper presents evidence based on firm-level data from 10 Latin American countries to quantify the heterogeneity of firm productivity and the degree of resource misallocation within countries. Productivity heterogeneity and resource misallocation are found to be much larger than in the United States. Achieving an efficient allocation of resources could boost manufacturing TFP between 45 percent and 127 percent depending on the countries and years considered.

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