|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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This paper estimates the impact of a large-scale contracting-out program in Guatemala, using two waves of living standard measurement surveys that collected data before and after the expansion of the program. Results indicate large program impacts on immunization rates for children and prenatal care provider choices. The program increases substantially the role of physicians and nurses as prenatal care providers at the expense of traditional midwives.
This paper attempts to identify the climatic effect on birth outcomes in Brazil and, thus, to predict the potential impact of climate change. Panel data models indicate that excess and lack of rainfall have the most important harmful effects on newborns’ health; temperature stresses and low relative humidity also have effects. The use of climate change forecasts for Brazil suggests a possible incr ... (View publication)
The objective of this paper is to review the most relevant, recent and rigorous literature on strategies to promote changes in demand for maternal and neonatal health services in rural areas of Latin America and to identify the strategies with most impact and lowest cost. The evidence shows that: i) covering direct expenses increases the use of prenatal care and institutional delivery and appe ... (View publication)
This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics natality and mortality data between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence -measured by homicide rates- on birth outcomes. Focusing on small communities, where it is more plausible that local homicide rates reflect actual exposure to violence, the analysis shows that exposure to violence during pregnancy ... (View publication)
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