|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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This paper attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of Bolivia’s labor market institutions, particularly the Plan Nacional de Empleo de Emergencia (PLANE). It is found that unemployment as conventionally defined may not be the most important problem in Bolivia’s labor market, as the non-salaried market is always an alternative. While un- employment durations and unemployment scarring consequences are relatively low, labor market regulations and labor market programs do not help to increase the size of the formal market, apparently as a result of Bolivia’s rigid labor markets and labor policies based mainly on temporary employment programs. Such programs, however, may have helped to smooth consumption. Given the country’s high level of infor- mality, protection policies are second best to active policies specifically designed to increase the productivity/employability of vulnerable populations.
The Research Department is pleased to present the latest edition of its newsletter, Ideas for Development in the Americas (IDEA). This issue is based on the IDB's 2004 report on Economic and Social Progress in Latin America, which focuses on the problems surrounding people and their jobs. The report presents an anatomy of Latin American labor markets, a diagnosis of their ills, and prescriptions f ... (View publication)
This paper takes advantage of several reforms that provide time and cross sectional variation to identify the effects of unemployment insurance and severance payments on the duration of unemployment and on the separation probability in Argentina. Administrative data permits analysis of the duration of unemployment of covered spells with detailed information about transfers and their duration, whil ... (View publication)
This paper develops a search and matching model where rms and workers are allowed to form matches (jobs) that can be formal or informal. Workers optimally choose the level of schooling acquired before entering the labor market and whether to search for a job as unemployed or as self-employed. Firms optimally decide the formality status of the job and bargain with workers over wages. The resul ... (View publication)
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