New%20Century%2C%20Old%20Disparities%3A%20Gender%20and%20Ethnic%20Wage%20Gaps%20in%20Latin%20America

Working Papers

New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America


CODE: IDB-WP-109
AUTHOR(s): Atal, Juan Pablo , Ñopo, Hugo , Winder, Natalia
PUBLISHED: October 2009
LANGUAGE: English
RELATED TOPICS: Poverty Reduction and Labor
DOWNLOAD FILE IN: English

Abstract:

This paper surveys gender and ethnic wage gaps in 18 Latin American countries, decomposing differences using matching comparisons as a non-parametric alternative to the Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition. It is found that men earn 9-27 percent more than women, with high cross-country heterogeneity. The unexplained pay gap is higher among older, informal and self-employed workers and those in small firms. Ethnic wage differences are greater than gender differences, and educational attainment differentials play an important role in explaining the gap. Higher ethnic wage gaps are found among males, singleincome generators of households and full-time workers, and in rural areas. An important share of the ethnic wage gap is due to the scarcity of minorities in highpaid positions.

Related Research by JEL Codes:
(or click here to find research by JEL Codes)
  • Gender Earnings Gaps in the Caribbean: Evidence from Barbados and Jamaica
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-210 - August 2010

    This paper analyzes gender earnings gaps in Barbados and Jamaica, using a matching comparisons approach. In both countries, as in most of the Caribbean region, females’ educational achievement is higher than that of males. Nonetheless, males` earnings surpass those of their female peers. Depending on the set of control characteristics, males’ earnings surpass those of females by between 14 and 27 ... (View publication)

  • Evolution of Gender Gaps in Latin America at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: An Addendum to "New Century, Old Disparities"
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-176 - May 2010

    This paper complements the findings of Atal, Ñopo and Winder (2009) on gender and ethnic wage gaps for 18 Latin American countries circa 2005 by analyzing gender wage gaps for the same countries between circa 1992 and circa 2007. During this span the overall gender earnings gaps dropped about 7 percentage points, while the unexplained component dropped between 3 and 4 percentage points, depending ... (View publication)

  • The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006
    Working Papers
    IDB-WP-174 - May 2010

    This paper surveys gender wage gaps in Colombia from 1994 to 2006, using matching comparisons to examine the extent to which individuals with similar human capital characteristics earn different wages. Three sub-periods are considered: 1994-1998; 2000-2001; and 2002- 2006. The gaps dropped from the first to the second period but remained almost unchanged between the second and the third. The gende ... (View publication)

Hello, Welcome to the IDB!

Please join our mailing list by simply entering your email below.