Reforms%20and%20Counter%2DReforms%20in%20Bolivia

Working Papers

Reforms and Counter-Reforms in Bolivia


CODE: IDB-WP-103
AUTHOR(s): Candia, Fernando , Evia, Jose Luis , Jemio, Luis Carlos
PUBLISHED: November 2009
LANGUAGE: English
RELATED TOPICS: Government and Democracy
DOWNLOAD FILE IN: English

Abstract:

This paper analyzes reforms and counter-reforms in Bolivia in recent decades and their effects on the policymaking process (PMP) and productivity. Bolivia’s PMP has shifted from a formal representative democracy to a “participative and direct type of democracy” where street protest and other non-conventional forms of political participation have become dominant. While reforms have increased productivity, they have failed to secure the political support necessary to assure long-term sustainability. In contrast, counter-reforms have so far enjoyed extensive political support, but productivity has stagnated since this process started, with declining economic growth and job creation—developments likely to undermine support for the counter-reform process. The document stresses the need to rebuild a consensus around a PMP capable of increasing productivity and employment creation while restoring social cohesion.

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