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The objective of this research agenda is to outline the issues that need to be investigated in order to produce an informed assessment of what strategies and policies Latin America and its international organizations should pursue with respect to climate change. This report makes the three following potential contributions: i) identifying actions that could be valuable but have not been highlighted; ii) advising on actions that could be ineffective and costly, given limited resources; and iii) recommending an evaluation of what elements require further analysis before objectives are translated into action. After introducing the issues involved, the report presents a simplified model to help explain the interaction of climate change with the economy. The discussion then turns to several of the most important relevant issues in terms of the model. Finally, individual items are discussed in order to construct an agenda.
This issue of IDEA was inspired by the myriad questions raised by the successive natural disasters that have struck the developing world of late. It asks why some countries are more resilient to natural catastrophes than others and examines the short-term economic effects of disaster (the case of Haiti), the long-term effects on economic growth, and the policies countries might adopt to better ins ... (View publication)
This paper examines the short and long-run average causal impact of catastrophic natural disasters on economic growth by combining information from comparative case studies. The counterfactual of the cases studied is assessed by constructing synthetic control groups, taking advantage of the fact that the timing of large sudden natural disasters is an exogenous event. It is found that only extremel ... (View publication)
Natural disasters are by no means new, yet the evolving understanding of their relevance to economic development and growth is still in its infancy. This paper summarizes the state of the economic literature examining the aggregate impact of disasters. The paper reviews the main disaster data sources available, discusses the determinants of the direct effects of disasters, and distinguishes betwee ... (View publication)
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