|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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The Brazilian Schools Panel database and Brazilian Municipal Education Panel Database combine and simplify 20 years' worth of data from the Brazilian School Census, educational testing, and educational indicators. This report provides an introduction to the data and serves as a road map to their strengths and limitations. In particular, it draws attention to the points in time at which major changes were made in the format of data collection, as well as the characteristics of different subsamples within the data. The report seeks to provide a practical introduction for researchers interested in using the data to understand and research the Brazilian education system.
This paper discusses several approaches to examining the relationship between child care and mothers’ labor supply. The focus is on child care for children aged 0-3, because this is a critical period for working mothers and their children and because most European and American households with children aged 3-5 already use child care centers. The paper provides data concerning availability of, gov ... (View publication)
Decentralization of provision of public services has been an important item in the agenda of developing countries. While some scholars and practitioners argue that decentralization is associated with improvements in provision due to higher accountability, others note its potential pitfalls. In particular, decentralization to local communities characterized by poverty, low levels of education, and ... (View publication)
This paper analyzes the high fiscal dependence of Venezuelan states and municipalities on the central government and the political economy process embedded in the interaction between the central government and sub-national entities. Also explored is whether there is scope to increase sub-national governments’ revenues, improve the current intergovernmental transfer system, and reduce horizontal im ... (View publication)
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