|RELATED TOPICS:||Poverty Reduction and Labor|
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Child well-being matters for both ethical and economic reasons as children who flourish in the early years are more likely to become healthy, productive citizens later in life. This year’s edition of Development in the Americas (DIA) focuses on the well-being of children from conception to 8 years of age and makes the case for public intervention in improving child outcomes. The process of child development—physical, communicational, cognitive, and socio-emotional— does not unfold on its own, but is shaped by the experiences children accumulate at home, in daycare centers, and at school. Parents, relatives, other caregivers, teachers, and government all have a hand in shaping those experiences. This book offers suggestions for public policy to improve those experiences in ways that would certainly shape children’s lives and the face of the societies they live in for years to come.
This issue of IDEA examines some of the issues surrounding early childhood development in Latin America and the Caribbean, and why government should be involved in what would seem to be a family affair. It draws on the 2015 edition of the IDB’s flagship series, Development in the Americas, entitled The Early Years: Child Well-Being and the Role of Public Policy, by Samuel Berlinski and Norbert Sch ... (View publication)
This synopsis reviews the arguments in favor of a larger role for public policy in determining the well-being of young children. It explains where the region is in terms of child well-being today, how it should go about improving public programs, and the institutional challenges to implementing those programs. Together, this synopsis and the table of contents provide just a taste of the rich ... (View publication)
This paper estimates the impact of a large temporary poverty relief program, Uruguay’s PANES—on birth outcomes. Using program administrative data and longitudinal vital statistics, a significant and precisely estimated reduction in the fraction of low-weight newborns (less than 2,500 g.) on the order of 10 to 20 percent was found to be a result of treatment. The cash (and in-kind) transfer compone ... (View publication)
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