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For decades corruption was a virtually unprintable word in official Latin American publications. Today it is frequently a featured topic of government summit meetings, trade talks, and debates about economic development. Diagnosis Corruption advances our understanding of corruption within a particular sector. Public hospitals spend upwards of 2 percent of the region`s GDP and provide, or fail to provide, an important social service. Looking at bribes, theft, absenteeism and overcharging for supplies in public hospitals in various countries, this volume shows that it is possible not only to measure corruption in new ways, but to identify systemic factors that encourage or discourage malfeasance in the health sector. The studies provide policymakers, researchers and public sector administrators with insight and tools in the struggle to reduce corruption, strengthen democracy and build public trust.
There is common sense in the notions that healthier people are more productive and that wealthier people can obtain things that make them healthier. Investigating the strength of these associations, Wealth from Health asks whether investments in health also affect productivity and how public policy can influence this relationship. These questions are probed through a series of Latin American case ... (View publication)
Latin America loses about nine trillion cubic meters of water each year, or some 30 percent of the water collected and treated for public consumption. While it is impossible for water systems to deliver 100 percent of their water to the household tap, Latin America could cut those losses by more than three-quarters by applying international standards to the management and operation of water system ... (View publication)
Most policy analyses and academic papers deal with finding the combination of policies that may bring about the best development outcomes. However, in the long run, it is the features of public policies that seem to matter for explaining development outcomes. Unfortunately, Latin America and the Caribbean lags behind other regions in the quality of the features of public policies. Policy feat ... (View publication)
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