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Latin America loses about nine trillion cubic meters of water each year, or some 30 percent of the water collected and treated for public consumption. While it is impossible for water systems to deliver 100 percent of their water to the household tap, Latin America could cut those losses by more than three-quarters by applying international standards to the management and operation of water systems. Spilled Water shows that the problem is not a result of insufficient capital, or lack of technical or manpower capability, but rather related to the political economy of the sector.
There is common sense in the notions that healthier people are more productive and that wealthier people can obtain things that make them healthier. Investigating the strength of these associations, Wealth from Health asks whether investments in health also affect productivity and how public policy can influence this relationship. These questions are probed through a series of Latin American case ... (View publication)
For decades corruption was a virtually unprintable word in official Latin American publications. Today it is frequently a featured topic of government summit meetings, trade talks, and debates about economic development. Diagnosis Corruption advances our understanding of corruption within a particular sector. Public hospitals spend upwards of 2 percent of the region`s GDP and provide, or fail to p ... (View publication)
This paper attempts to identify the climatic effect on birth outcomes in Brazil and, thus, to predict the potential impact of climate change. Panel data models indicate that excess and lack of rainfall have the most important harmful effects on newborns’ health; temperature stresses and low relative humidity also have effects. The use of climate change forecasts for Brazil suggests a possible incr ... (View publication)
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