Whether we know it or not, we are all living on a new planet: Planet Algorithm. This is a cyberphysical space in which billions of pieces of data are transported at hyperspeed and are analyzed by increasingly sophisticated artificial intelligence (AI) systems. These use algorithms to generate learning and self-learning processes that are making an exponential impact on industry, trade, services, and multiple aspects of our lives together. In this INTAL/IDB report, over 40 high-profile international experts analyze the risks and opportunities come with the use of intelligent machines in areas that have serious implications for Latin America’s productive profile and global role. These range from the possibility of predicting trade negotiation outcomes, commodity prices, and consumer trends to the development of algorithms for use in factories, personalized medicine, extended education, infrastructure prototyping, autonomous ecotransportation, precision agriculture, energy consumption, the legal system, and macroeconomic analysis. They also explore the ethical and equality-related challenges these transformations are posing. We are witnessing the rise of a technology that is becoming a new factor of production. Artificial intelligence, if guided by a thoughtful, up-to-date, humanist vision, could contribute to consolidating a predictive and inclusive form of regional integration that benefits all Latin Americans.
As part of a Regional Public Good (BPR), 20,200 Latin Americans from 18 countries were interviewed on issues of integration, democracy, equity, environment, technology, and innovation. In a world where globalization is being strongly questioned, particularly among developed countries, it is concluded that Latin Americans are very committed to regional integration. The integration process is challenged by the complexity implied by a heterogeneous regional structure with important differences between countries and within them. The differences are many, ranging from income distribution, productive specialization, the weight of their economies in the regional GDP, belonging to different trade blocs, the preference for certain partners at the time of closer ties, exposure and vulnerability to climate change, to the degree of penetration of ICTs. However, this study shows that there is a common agenda that must be addressed and that can set the pace of regional integration. Social convergence is observed not only in the high support for regional integration and in the existence of an unsatisfied demand for integration, but also in the desire of people to live in a more equitable society, responsible in the use of their natural resources, committed to the fight against climate change and the free movement of people, connected through ICTs and universal access to the Internet, with better quality of democratic institutions, and with greater citizen participation in the decision making process of government and justice. Since this is the agenda for development and regional integration, the opportunity offered by ICTs cannot be overlooked, both in the construction of a subject with a critical conscience, capable of visualizing the problems that afflict it, as well as in its powerful potential to strengthen trade links between countries, strengthen democracy and enhance the development of the region.
The IDB has developed a capacity building program as an instrument for the implementation of the 'Integration Strategy' as well as to support operations in terms of trade negotiation and trade agreement implementation, trade security and facilitation, customs innovation, export promotion and investment attraction, physical integration including international freight, border crossings, energy interconnection, and efficiency and broadband access. Since 2012, 5,500 professionals from integration and trade entities form the region have been trained and certified. This Program is led by the Integration and Trade Sector - Vice-presidency of Sectors and Knowledge of the IDB - in partnership with its Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL) http://iadb.org/intal, and the Inter-American Institute for Economic and Social Development (INDES) http://www.iadb.org/es/indes/. See current courses availables at http://www.iadb.org/es/indes/cursos-en-integracion-y-comercio,18710.html
This new edition contains the work of over 40 experts from different parts of the world, who analyze the risks that automation may pose to work and how this may affect integration and employment. More than 40 global experts imagine the future of work and integration of Latin America in the new edition of INTAL-IDB's Integration and Trade magazine.
INTAL Connection informs on developments on integration and trade in Latin America and the Caribbean. This issue focuses on the presentation of the report “Robotlution. The Future of Work in Latin American Integration 4.0.”, where 40 international experts address the automation of jobs and its impact on the productive matrix on the region.
INTAL Connection informs on developments on integration and trade in Latin America and the Caribbean. This issue focuses on the seminar “MERCOSUR–Pacific Alliance: A Positive Agenda for Integration”, held as part of the Summit of the MERCOSUR and Associated States in Mendoza, Argentina. During the seminar, authorities, representatives from the private sector, and integration experts discussed issues including regional value chains, trade facilitation, and customs cooperation.
INTAL Connection informs on developments on integration and trade in Latin America and the Caribbean. This issue focuses on the update of COSIPLAN website “Integration and Development Hubs”, where you can easily access the 581 infrastructure projects that make up the project Portfolio.
INTAL Connection informs on developments on integration and trade in Latin America and the Caribbean. This issue focuses on the seminar “Artificial meat: innovation in the era of production 4.0”, where Argentinean government officials and international experts provided a global perspective on the development of this alternative, technology-based meat production system.
Inspired by the encyclical Laudato Si', by Pope Francis, Nobel prizes and world experts pose concrete options for advancing in a regional eco-integration where social and environmental dimension of development are priorities. The commitments made to mitigate climate change at the Paris and Marrakesh summits require the cooperation of different nations in a joint effort to counteract global warming. Latin America has an enormous natural wealth that represents an opportunity, but also a great responsibility: to protect the planet and at the same time find ways to reduce the inequities that characterize the region. The new edition of IDB-INTAL Integration & Trade Journal offers creative measures, analyzes the governance challenges offered by the current scenario, describes sustainable models of trade, examines the impact of climate change and draws bridges to advance in an integral ecology where humanism became the engine of civilization.
INTAL Connection informs on developments on integration and trade in Latin America and the Caribbean. This issue focuses on the symposium and presentation of the book “Eco integration in Latin America: ideas inspired by the encyclical Laudato Si'", where Nobel prizes and world experts pose concrete options for advancing in a regional eco-integration where social and environmental dimension of development are priorities.
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